Workplace Health Management (WHM)
There are four crucial elements of workplace health management:
Occupational Health and SafetySocietal and lifestyle determinants of well-beingEnvironmental Health ManagementIn the previous policy was frequently driven completely by compliance with laws. In order to be successful Workplace Health Management must be based on knowledge, expertise and practice amassed in three disciplines: occupational health, workplace health promotion and environmental health. It is necessary to find WHM as a procedure not only for health gain and continuous improvement within the firm, but also as framework for engagement between various agencies locally. It offers a platform for co-operation between the local authorities and business leaders on community development through the improvement of public and environmental health. url
The Healthy Workplace setting – a cornerstone of the Community Action Plan.
The Luxembourg Declaration of the European Union Network for Workplace Health Promotion defined WHP as the combined effort of companies, employees and society to improve the health and well-being of people at workThis can be attained through a blend of:Enhancing the work organization and the working environmentPromoting active participation of employees in wellness tasksEncouraging personal developmentWorkplace health promotion is found as a modern corporate strategy which aims at preventing ill-health at work and enriching health boosting potential and well being in the workforce in the EU network Luxembourg Declaration. Recorded benefits for workplace programs contain decreased absenteeism, reduced cardiovascular risk, reduced health care claims, decreased staff turnover, decreased musculoskeletal injuries, increased productivity, increased organizational effectiveness and the possibility of a return on investment (Mossinik, Licher1998 – Oxenburgh 1991).
Nevertheless, many of these advancements require the sustained engagement of employees, employers and society in the actions required to make a difference. This is achieved through the authorization of workers enabling them to make decisions about their own well-being. Occupational Health Advisors (OHA) are nicely placed to carry out needs assessment for health promotion initiatives with the working populations they serve, to prioritize these initiatives alongside other occupational health and safety initiatives which may be underway, and to organize the activities at the enterprise level to ensure that initiatives which are planned are delivered. In the past work-related health services are involved in the evaluation of fitness to work and in evaluating degrees of incapacity for insurance purposes for several years.
The concept of preserving working ability, in the working people that was healthy, has been developed by some innovative work-related health services. In some instances these efforts have been developed in response to the growing challenge brought on by the aging workforce and the ever-rising price of social security. OHA’s have frequently been at the forefront of these developments.
There is a need to develop further the focus of all work-related health services to include efforts to maintain work ability and to prevent non-occupational workplace preventable conditions by interventions at the workplace. OHA’s, with their close contact with employees, sometimes over several years, are in a good position to plan, deliver and evaluate health promotion and maintenance of work ability interventions at the workplace.
Health promotion at work has grown in significance over the last decade as employers and employees understand the specific benefits. Working people spend about half of their non-sleeping day at work and this provides a perfect chance for employers to create healthy working environments and for employees receive and to share various health messages. The extent of health promotion depends upon the needs of each group.
Some of the most common health promotion actions are smoking reducing actions, wholesome nutrition or physical exercise plans, prevention and abatement of alcohol and substance misuse. manuskinactivedk.info
Nonetheless, health promotion can also be directed towards other societal, cultural and environmental health determinants, if the people within the business consider that these factors are important for the betterment of their health, wellbeing and quality of life. In this case variables like improving motivation, work organization, reducing burnout and anxiety, introducing flexible working hours, private development strategies and career augmentation may also help to contribute to general well-being and wellbeing of the working community.
The Healthy Community setting along with workplace health promotion and occupational health there is also another significant facet to Workplace Health Management. It is associated with the impact that each company might have on the surrounding ambient environment, and through pollutants or merchandises or services provided to others, its impact on distant environments. Remember how much entire neighbouring nations were affected by the effects of the Chernobyl Atomic injury in 1986. link
Although the environmental health impact of firms is controlled by distinct legislation to that which applies to Health and Safety at work, there’s a powerful relationship between safeguarding the working environment, improving work organization and working culture within the company, and its approach to environmental health management.
Many top firms already join environmental health direction and safety and occupational health to avoid duplication of effort and to use the available human resources within the company. Occupational health nurses can make a contribution towards environmental health management, particularly in those firms that don’t employ environmental health specialists.
Coming up. Crucial measures in developing New Workplace Health Policies